Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2248/7411
Title: CO outflow survey of 68 very low luminosity objects: a search for proto-brown-dwarf candidates
Authors: Kim, G
Lee, C.W
Maheswar, G
Kim, Mi-Ryang
Archana Soam
Saito, Masao
Kiyokane, Kazuhiro
Kim, Sungeun
Keywords: Brown dwarfs;ISM: jets and outflows;Stars: formation;Stars: low-mass
Issue Date: Feb-2019
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 240, No. 02, 18
Abstract: We present the results of a systematic search for molecular outflows in 68 Very Low Luminosity Objects (VeLLOs) from single-dish observations in CO isotopologues, finding 16 VeLLOs that show clear outflow signatures in the CO maps. Together with an additional three VeLLOs from the literature, we analyzed the outflow properties for these 19 VeLLOs, identifying 15 VeLLOs as proto-brown-dwarf (proto-BD) candidates and 4 VeLLOs as likely faint protostar candidates. The proto-BD candidates are found to have a mass accretion rate (~10−8–10−7 M ⊙ yr−1) lower than that of the protostar candidates (gsim10−6 M ⊙ yr−1). Their accretion luminosities are similar to or smaller than their internal luminosities, implying that many proto-BD candidates might have had either small accretion activity in a quiescent manner throughout their lifetimes, or be currently exhibiting relatively higher (or episodic) mass accretion than in the past. Outflows of many proto-BDs show strong trends of being less active if they are fainter or have less massive envelopes. The outflow forces and internal luminosities for more than half of the proto-BD candidates seem to follow the evolutionary track of a protostar with an initial envelope mass of ~0.08 M ⊙, indicating that some BDs may form in less massive dense cores in a similar way to normal stars. But, because there also exists a significant fraction (about 40%) of proto-BDs with a much weaker outflow force than expected from the relations for protostars, we should not rule out the possibility of other formation mechanism for BDs.
Description: Restricted Access
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2248/7411
ISSN: 0067-0049
???metadata.dc.rights???: © IOP Publishing
???metadata.dc.relation.uri???: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/aaf889
Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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