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Title: Tensor Minkowski Functionals: first application to the CMB
Authors: Vidhya, G
Pravabati, C
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2017, No. 6, 23
Abstract: Tensor Minkowski Functionals (TMFs) are tensor generalizations of the usual Minkowski Functionals which are scalar quantities. We introduce them here for use in cosmological analysis, in particular to analyze the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation. They encapsulate information about the shapes of structures and the orientation of distributions of structures. We focus on one of the TMFs, namely W21,1, which is the (1,1) rank tensor generalization of the genus. The ratio of the eigenvalues of the average of W21,1 over all structures, α, encodes the net orientation of the structures; and the average of the ratios of the eigenvalues of W21,1 for each structure, β, encodes the net intrinsic anisotropy of the structures. We have developed a code that computes W21,1, and from it α and β, for a set of structures on the 2-dimensional Euclidean plane. We use it to compute α and β as functions of chosen threshold levels for simulated Gaussian and isotropic CMB temperature and E mode fields. We obtain the value of α to be one for both temperature and E mode, which means that we recover the statistical isotropy of density fluctuations that we input in the simulations. We find that the standard ΛCDM model predicts a charateristic shape of β for temperature and E mode as a function of the threshold, and the average over thresholds is β~ 0.62 for temperature and β~ 0.63 for E mode. Accurate measurements of α and β can be used to test the standard model of cosmology and to search for deviations from it. For this purpose we compute α and β for temperature and E mode data of various data sets from PLANCK mission. We compare the values measured from observed data with those obtained from simulations to which instrument beam and noise characteristics of the 44GHz frequency channel have been added (which are provided as part of the PLANCK data release). We find very good agreement of β and α between all PLANCK temperature data sets with ΛCDM expectations. E mode data show good agreement for β but α for all data sets deviate from ΛCDM predictions higher than 3−σ. It is most likely that the deviations are probing the anisotropy of the noise field and beam characteristics of the detector rather than the true E mode signal since for 44GHz the signal-to-noise ratio is well below one. This will be further investigated after the full PLANCK data becomes publicly available.
Description: Restricted Access
ISSN: 1475-7516
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Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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