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Title: On Minkowski Functionals of CMB polarization
Authors: Pravabati, C
Vidhya, G
Yogendran, K. P
Park, C
Issue Date: Aug-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Physics Letters B, Vol. 771, pp. 67–73
Abstract: CMB polarization data is usually analyzed using E and B modes because they are scalar quantities under rotations along the lines of sight and have distinct physical origins. We explore the possibility of using the Stokes parameters Q and U for complementary analysis and consistency checks in the context of searches for non-Gaussianity. We show that the Minkowski Functionals (MFs) of Q, U are invariant under local rotations along the lines of sight even though Q, U are spin-2 variables, for full sky analysis. The invariance does not hold for incomplete sky. For local type primordial non-Gaussianity, when we compare the non-Gaussian deviations of MFs for Q, U to what is obtained for E mode or temperature fluctuations, we find that the amplitude is about an order of magnitude lower and the shapes of the deviations are different. This finding can be useful in distinguishing local type non-Gaussianity from other origins of non-Gaussianity in the observed data. Lastly, we analyze the sensitivity of the amplitudes of the MFs for Q, U and the number density of singularities of the total polarization intensity to the tensor-to-scalar ratio, r, and find that all of them decrease as r increases.
Description: This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( Funded by SCOAP
ISSN: 0370-2693
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Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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