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Title: Constraining the solar coronal magnetic field strength using split-band type ii radio burst observations
Authors: Kishore, P
Ramesh, R
Hariharan, K
Kathiravan, C
Gopalswamy, N
Keywords: Solar–terrestrial relations;Sun: activity;Sun: corona;Sun: coronal mass ejections ( CMEs);Sun: magnetic fields;Sun: radio radiation
Issue Date: 20-Nov-2016
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 832, No. 1, 59
Abstract: We report on low-frequency radio (85–35 MHz) spectral observations of four different type II radio bursts, which exhibited fundamental-harmonic emission and split-band structure. Each of the bursts was found to be closely associated with a whitelight coronal mass ejection (CME) close to the Sun. We estimated the coronal magnetic field strength from the split-band characteristics of the bursts, by assuming a model for the coronal electron density distribution. The choice of the model was constrained, based on the following criteria: (1) when the radio burst is observed simultaneously in the upper and lower bands of the fundamental component, the location of the plasma level corresponding to the frequency of the burst in the lower band should be consistent with the deprojected location of the leading edge (LE) of the associated CME; (2) the drift speed of the type II bursts derived from such a model should agree closely with the deprojected speed of the LE of the corresponding CMEs. With the above conditions, we find that: (1) the estimated field strengths are unique to each type II burst, and (2) the radial variation of the field strength in the different events indicate a pattern. It is steepest for the case where the heliocentric distance range over which the associated burst is observed is closest to the Sun, and vice versa.
Description: Restricted Access
ISSN: 0004-637X
???metadata.dc.rights???: © The American Astronomical Society
Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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