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Title: Sunspot Rotation as a Driver of Major Solar Eruptions in the NOAA Active Region 12158
Authors: Vemareddy, P
Cheng, X
Ravindra, B
Keywords: Sun: corona;Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs);Sun: evolution;Sun: flares;Sun: magnetic fields;Sun: photosphere
Issue Date: 20-Sep-2016
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 829, No. 1, 24
Abstract: We studied the development conditions of sigmoid structure under the influence of the magnetic non-potential characteristics of a rotating sunspot in the active region (AR) 12158. Vector magnetic field measurements from the Helioseismic Magnetic Imager and coronal EUV observations from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly reveal that the erupting inverse-S sigmoid had roots at the location of the rotating sunspot. The sunspot rotates at a rate of 0°–5° h−1 with increasing trend in the first half followed by a decrease. The time evolution of many non-potential parameters had a good correspondence with the sunspot rotation. The evolution of the AR magnetic structure is approximated by a time series of force-free equilibria. The non-linear force-free field magnetic structure around the sunspot manifests the observed sigmoid structure. Field lines from the sunspot periphery constitute the body of the sigmoid and those from the interior overlie the sigmoid, similar to a flux rope structure. While the sunspot was rotating, two major coronal mass ejection eruptions occurred in the AR. During the first (second) event, the coronal current concentrations were enhanced (degraded), consistent with the photospheric net vertical current; however, magnetic energy was released during both cases. The analysis results suggest that the magnetic connections of the sigmoid are driven by the slow motion of sunspot rotation, which transforms to a highly twisted flux rope structure in a dynamical scenario. Exceeding the critical twist in the flux rope probably leads to the loss of equilibrium, thus triggering the onset of the two eruptions.
Description: Restricted Access
ISSN: 0004-637X
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Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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