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Title: The Physical Conditions in a Polar Coronal Hole and Nearby Regions from Norikura and SOHO Observations
Authors: Raju, K. P
Sakurai, T
Ichimoto, K
Singh, J
Keywords: Sun: Corona;Sun: UV Radiation;Radiation Mechanisms: Nonthermal
Issue Date: Nov-2000
Publisher: The American Astronomical Society
Citation: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 543, No. 2, Part 1, pp. 1044 - 1050
Abstract: The distribution of emission-line intensities, Doppler velocities, and line widths in a polar coronal hole and nearby regions are obtained from the spectroscopic observations carried out on 1998 November 3 at the Norikura Solar Observatory, Japan. The coronal red line [Fe X] λ6374 that is prominent at coronal hole temperatures is used for the study. The coronal images in Fe IX and Fe X 171 Å and Fe XII 195 Å from the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) are used to get the temperature map of the corona at the time of observation. Combining both, we have obtained the nonthermal velocities in the region without the usual assumption of a uniform ion temperature. Several plume structures are identified within the coronal hole, and it is found that line widths are smaller in plumes than in the interplume regions, which is also reported from recent SOHO observations. The line-of-sight Doppler velocities in the coronal hole are larger than those in the quiet region, probably because of the excess outflow in the coronal hole. A rough negative correlation between intensity and Doppler velocity, similar to that between intensity and line width, is observed in the coronal hole. The typical nonthermal velocity in coronal holes is 24 km s-1 while that in quiet regions is 15 km s-1. The enhanced nonthermal velocity in the coronal hole is suggestive of the important role of the nonthermal broadening mechanism in the acceleration of fast solar wind. Also, the nonthermal velocities are larger (up to 27%) at the interplume regions as compared to plumes. The findings generally support the prevailing view that the interplume regions are the source regions of the fast solar wind.
ISSN: 0004-637X
Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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