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Title: Line-Interlocking Effects on Polarization In Spectral Lines By Rayleigh And Raman Scattering
Authors: Sampoorna, M
Nagendra, K. N
Stenflo, J. O
Keywords: Line: profiles;Polarization;Radiative transfer;Scattering;Sun: atmosphere
Issue Date: 20-Jun-2013
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 770, No. 2, 92
Abstract: The polarized spectrum of the Sun and stars is formed from the scattering of anisotropic radiation on atoms. Interpretation of this spectrum requires the solution of polarized line transfer in multilevel atomic systems. While sophisticated quantum theories of polarized line formation in multilevel atomic systems exist, they are limited by the approximation of complete frequency redistribution in scattering. The partial frequency redistribution (PRD) in line scattering is a necessary component in modeling the polarized spectra of strong lines. The polarized PRD line scattering theories developed so far confine themselves to a two-level or a two-term atom model. In this paper, we present a heuristic approach to the problem of polarized line formation in multilevel atoms taking into account the effects of PRD and a weak magnetic field. Starting from the unpolarized PRD multilevel atom approach of Hubeny et al., we incorporate the polarization state of the radiation field. However, the lower level polarization is neglected. Two iterative methods of solving the polarized PRD line transfer in multilevel atoms are also presented. Taking the example of a five-level Ca II atom model, we present illustrative results for an isothermal one-dimensional model atmosphere.
Description: Open Access
ISSN: 1538-4357
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Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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