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Title: High-resolution Optical Spectroscopy of DY Cen: Diffuse Interstellar Bands in a Proto-fullerene Circumstellar Environment?
Authors: Garcia-Hernandez, D. A
Kameswara Rao, N
Lambert, D. L
Keywords: Astrochemistry
Circumstellar matter
Dust, extinction
ISM: molecules
Stars: chemically peculiar
Stars: individual (DY Cen)
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2012
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 759, No. 1, L21
Abstract: We search high-resolution and high-quality VLT/UVES optical spectra of the hot R Coronae Borealis star DY Cen for electronic transitions of the C60 molecule and diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs). We report the non-detection of the strongest C60 electronic transitions (e.g., those at ~3760, 3980, and 4024 Å). The absence of C60 absorption bands may support recent laboratory results, which show that the ~7.0, 8.5, 17.4, and 18.8 μm emission features seen in DY Cen—and other similar objects with polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-like dominated IR spectra—are attributable to proto-fullerenes or fullerene precursors rather than to C60. DIBs toward DY Cen are normal for its reddening; the only exception is the DIB at 6284 Å (possibly also the 7223 Å DIB) which is found to be unusually strong. We also report the detection of a new broad (FWHM ~ 2 Å) and unidentified feature centered at ~4000 Å. We suggest that this new band may be related to the circumstellar proto-fullerenes seen at infrared wavelengths.
Description: Open Access
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Copyright: © IOP Publishing
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