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Title: Seismic signatures of the Pan-African orogeny: implications for southern Indian high-grade terranes
Authors: Rai, A
Gaur, V. K
Rai, S. S
Priestley, K
Keywords: Ultra-high temperature metamorphism;Composition of the continental crust;Palaeoseismology;Body waves;Dynamics: seismotectonics;Crustal structure
Issue Date: Feb-2009
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Citation: Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 176, No. 2, pp. 518 - 528
Abstract: We present the results of a study designed to investigate and compare the seismic characteristics of the once contiguous terranes of eastern Gondwanaland, now incorporated in five separated continental masses, which, during the Neoproterozoic (∼600 Ma) Pan-African orogeny, suffered a high degree of thermal stress and deformation. Receiver functions and surface wave data from stations located in East Antarctica, Sri Lanka, the southern-Indian high-grade terranes, Madagascar and the Tanzania–Mozambique belt, were used to determine the shear-wave velocity structure, Moho depth and VP/VS values of the respective crustal segments. This study provides an additional dimension to the otherwise well-documented characteristic petrology of their surface exposures and other geological signatures such as their extensive granulitization and gem formation during the Pan-African event. Analysis of the receiver functions and surface wave data for these seismic stations located on their present day widely distributed continental fragments have been made. It is observed that with the exception of KOD (at Kodaikanal hill), situated on the southern Indian granulites having the thickest crust (∼43.5 km), most of the Pan-African granulitic terranes have a crustal thicknesses of ∼37 ± 0.8 km , with a transition to higher velocity at mid-crustal depths, and that their bulk composition is felsic. Average crustal VP/VS values (1.704 ± 0.03) and thicknesses (37.8 ± 0.8 km) , for four stations (SYO, PALK, TRV and ABPO), now located in East Antarctica, Sri Lanka, India and Madagascar, respectively, show remarkable similarity, indicating that the Pan-African orogeny was extensive enough to reorder the crustal structure of a wide region with a broadly similar stamp.
Description: Restricted Access
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