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Title: Effect of dynamical friction on the escape of a supermassive black hole from a galaxy
Authors: Kapoor, R. C
Keywords: Black Holes (Astronomy);Escape Velocity;Friction;Galactic Nuclei;Energy Transfer;Stellar Motions;Visibility
Issue Date: May-1985
Publisher: D. Reidel Publishing Company
Citation: Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 112, No. 2, pp. 347 - 359
Abstract: We have used the impulsive approximation technique to numerically estimate the effect of dynamical friction on the motion of a supermassive black hole (mass 109 M ) through a galaxy (mass=1011 M ) which has recoiled from the center of the latter as a result of anisotropic emission of gravitational radiation or asymmetric plasma emission. We find the effect to be minimal for recoil taking place at a velocity larger than that of escape at the center of the galaxy. There is a certain critical velocity of ejection (slightly larger than the central escape velocity) at which the black hole must be ejected for the recoil to be successful. Otherwise, dynamical friction becomes relatively pronounced and damped oscillatory motion of the black hole in the potential well of the galaxy ensues. The phenomenon of high-velocity recoil although rare, can be astrophysically spectacular in view of the fact that the black hole would carry a substantial amount of gaseous material as well as a very large number of galactic stars. Some recent observations are cited where the recoil phenomenon might be applicable.
Description: Open Access
ISSN: 0004-640X
???metadata.dc.rights???: D. Reidel Publishing Company
Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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