Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2248/3866
Title: The afterglow and the host galaxy of GRB 011211
Authors: Jakobsson, P
Hjorth, J
Fynbo, J. P. U
Gorosabel, J
Pedersen, K
Burud, I
Levan, A
Kouveliotou, C
Tanvir, N
Fruchter, A
Rhoads, J
Grav, T
Hansen, M. W
Michelsen, R
Jensen, B. L
Pedersen, H
Thomsen, B
Weidinger, M
Bhargavi, S. G
Cowsik, R
Pandey, S. B
Keywords: Cosmology;Gamma-Rays;Stars: Supernovae;ISM: Dust, Extinction
Issue Date: Sep-2003
Publisher: The European Southern Observatory
Citation: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 408, No. 3, pp. 941 - 947
Abstract: We present optical, near-infrared, and X-ray observations of the optical afterglow (OA) of the X-ray rich, long-duration gamma-ray burst GRB 011211. Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data obtained 14, 26, 32, and 59 days after the burst, show the host galaxy to have a morphology that is fairly typical of blue galaxies at high redshift. We measure its magnitude to be R = 24.95 +/- 0.11. We detect a break in the OA R-band light curve which is naturally accounted for by a collimated outflow geometry. By fitting a broken power-law to the data we find a best fit with a break 1.56 +/- 0.02 days after the burst, a pre-break slope of alpha1 = -0.95 +/- 0.02, and a post-break slope of alpha2 = -2.11 +/- 0.07. The UV-optical spectral energy distribution (SED) around 14 hours after the burst is best fit with a power-law with index beta = -0.56 +/- 0.19 reddened by an SMC-like extinction law with a modest AV = 0.08 +/- 0.08 mag. By comparison, from the XMM-Newton X-ray data at around the same time, we find a decay index of alphaX = -1.62 +/- 0.36 and a spectral index of betaX = -1.21+0.10-0.15. Interpolating between the UV-optical and X-ray implies that the cooling frequency is located close to ~ 1016 Hz in the observer frame at the time of the observations. We argue, using the various temporal and spectral indices above, that the most likely afterglow model is that of a jet expanding into an external environment that has a constant mean density rather than a wind-fed density structure. We estimate the electron energy index for this burst to be p ~ 2.3. Based on observations made with the Nordic Optical Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma jointly by Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the Paranal Observatory by GRACE under programme ID 69.D-0701. Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained from the Data Archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. These observations are associated with program #8867.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2248/3866
ISSN: 0004 - 6361
???metadata.dc.rights???: © The European Southern Observatory (ESO)
???metadata.dc.relation.uri???: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20031044
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