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Title: Chemical composition and evolutionary status of nine UV-bright stars in five globular clusters from VLT/UVES spectra
Authors: Jasniewicz, G
de Laverny, P
Parthasarathy, M
Lèbre, A
Thévenin, F
Keywords: Stars: Abundances;Stars : AGB And Post-AGB;Galaxy: Globular Clusters : General
Issue Date: Aug-2004
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Citation: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 423, No. 1, pp. 353 - 362
Abstract: We have derived the chemical composition of nine UV-bright stars belonging to five Galactic globular clusters of various metallicities ([Fe/H] from -1.0 to -2.4 dex). The analyses are based on high resolution spectra obtained with the UV-Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) at VLT-UT2. The evolutionary status of the stars is assessed from the chemical analysis and location in the H-R diagram. The star ID7 in NGC 5986 is confirmed as a bona fide post-asymptotic giant branch star (post-AGB) whereas the high-luminosity star ID6 has probably left the AGB before the third dredge-up. ZNG 1 in NGC 6712 shows an overabundance of sodium, oxygen, and silicon similar to overabundances we find in the UV-bright star ID6 in NGC 5986; both stars could be in a post-early-AGB (PEAGB) phase of evolution. The UV-bright star ZNG 7 in NGC 6218 seems to be an AGB star. The stars V-4 and ZNG 5 in NGC 6656 are in a post-horizontal-branch phase of evolution, with V-4 being significantly overabundant in heavy elements. The origin of these overabundances is discussed in the context of the evolutionary versus primordial scenario. The three UV-bright stars K 260, K 996 and K 1082 observed in the very metal-deficient globular cluster NGC 7078 are post-horizontal-branch stars, one of them being slightly enriched in s-elements but with a luminosity too low for third dredge-up to have occured. The abundance patterns of K 1082 in NGC 7078 seem to indicate the presence of mild diffusion and a radiative levitation process, already reported in the blue HB stars of M 13 (Behr et al. 1999, ApJ, 517, L135) and NGC 6752 (Moehler et al. 1999, A&A, 339, 537).
ISSN: 0004-6361
Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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