Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2248/3406
Title: Dynamics of the Solar Magnetic Network: Two-dimensional MHD Simulations
Authors: Hasan, S. S
van Ballegooijen, A. A
Kalkofen, W
Steiner, O
Keywords: Magnetohydrodynamics: MHD;Sun: Chromosphere;Sun: Magnetic Fields;Sun: Oscillations
Issue Date: Oct-2005
Publisher: The American Astronomical Society
Citation: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 631, No. 1, Part 1, pp. 1270 - 1280
Abstract: The aim of this work is to identify the physical processes that occur in the network and contribute to its dynamics and heating. We model the network as consisting of individual flux tubes, each with a nonpotential field structure, that are located in intergranular lanes. With a typical horizontal size of about 150 km at the base of the photosphere, they expand upward and merge with their neighbors at a height of about 600 km. Above a height of approximately 1000 km the magnetic field starts to become uniform. Waves are excited in this medium by means of motions at the lower boundary. We focus on transverse driving, which generates both fast and slow waves within a flux tube and acoustic waves at the interface of the tube and the ambient medium. The acoustic waves at the interface are due to compression of the gas on one side of the flux tube and expansion on the other. These longitudinal waves are guided upward along field lines at the two sides of the flux tube, and their amplitude increases with height due to the density stratification. Being acoustic in nature, they produce a compression and significant shock heating of the plasma in the chromospheric part of the flux tube. For impulsive excitation with a time constant of 120 s, we find that a dominant feature of our simulations is the creation of vortical motions that propagate upward. We have identified an efficient mechanism for the generation of acoustic waves at the tube edge, which is a consequence of the sharp interface of the flux concentration. We examine some broad implications of our results.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2248/3406
ISSN: 0004-637X
???metadata.dc.relation.uri???: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/432655
http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0503525
Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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