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Title: Spectroscopic Studies of Solar Corona VIII. Temperature and Non-Thermal Variations in Steady Coronal Structures
Authors: Singh, J
Sakurai, T
Ichimoto, K
Muneer, S
Raveendran, A. V
Keywords: Coronal Emission Lines;Coronal Structures
Issue Date: Jul-2006
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Solar Physics, Vol. 236, No. 2, pp. 245 - 262
Abstract: With a view to investigate variations in parameters of coronal emission lines over a large range of radial distance from the limb, raster scans were made with sufficiently long exposure times on several days during September October 2003. An analysis of the data shows that (i) in most of the coronal structures, the FWHM of the Fe xiv 5303 Å line decreases up to 300″±50″, (ii) the FWHM of the Fe x 6374 Å line increases up to about 200″ and then remains unchanged up to about 500″, and (iii) the FWHMs of the Fe xi 7892 Å and Fe xiii 10747 Å lines show an intermediate behaviour with height. The analysis of the data also shows that the ratio of FWHM of 6374 Å to that of 5303 Å increases from 0.93 at the limb to 1.18 at 200″ above the limb. From this and the ratio of intensities of the two lines we infer that the plasma in steady coronal structures at a height of about 200″ has a temperature of about 1.5 MK and a non-thermal velocity around 17 km s-1. The observations also show that non-homogeneous temperatures and non-thermal velocities largely exist in the lower corona up to about 300″±100″ above the limb. Amplitudes of variations in FWHM of different emission lines with height in the coronal loops are similar to those in the diffuse plasma around the coronal loops.
Description: Restricted Access
ISSN: 0038-0938
Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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