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Title: Optical interferometer measurements of thermospheric temperature at Kavalur (12.5 deg N, 78.5 deg E), India
Authors: Sastri, J. H
Rao, H. N. R
Keywords: Atmospheric Temperature;Equatorial Atmosphere;F Region, Interferometry;Nightglow;Optical Measurement;Thermosphere;Doppler Effect;Fabry-Perot Interferometers;India
Issue Date: Feb-1994
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, Vol. 56, No. 6, pp. 775 - 782
Abstract: First results on the behavior of thermospheric temperature over Kavalur (12.5 deg N, 78.5 deg E geographic; 2.8 deg N geomagnetic latitude) located close to the geomagnetic equator in the Indian zone are presented. The results are based on measurements of the Doppler width of O((1)D) night airglow emission at 630 nm made with a pressure-scanned Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) on 16 nights during March - April 1992. The average nighttime (2130 - 0430 IST) thermospheric temperature is found to be consistently higher than the MSIS-86 predictions on all but one of the nights. The mean difference between the observed nightly temperatures and model values is 269 K with a standard error of 91 K. On one of the nights (9/10 April 1992, Ap = 6) the temperature is found to increase by approximately 250 K around 2330 IST and is accompanied by a `midnight collapse' of the F-region over Ahmedabad (23 deg N, 72 deg E, dip 26.3 deg N). This relationship between the temperature increase at Kavalur and F-region height decrease at Ahmedabad is also seen in the average behavior of the two parameters. The temperature enhancement at Kavalur is interpreted as the signature of the equatorial midnight temperature maximum (MTM) and the descent of the F-region over Ahmedabad as the effect of the poleward neutral winds associated with the MTM.
Description: Restricted Access
ISSN: 0021-9169
Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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