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Title: Gamma-hadron separation using Cverenkov photon density fluctuations
Authors: Chitnis, V. R
Bhat, P. N
Keywords: VHE Gamma-Ray Astronomy;Air Shower Simulations
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Astronomical Society of India
Citation: BASI, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 341 - 344
Abstract: In atmospheric Cverenkov technique gamma-rays are detected against abundant background produced by hadronic showers. In order to improve signal to noise ratio of the experiment, it is necessary to reject a significant fraction of hadronic showers. The temporal and spectral differences, the lateral distributions and density fluctuations of Cverenkov photons generated by gamma-ray and hadron primaries are often used for this purpose. Here we study the differences in Cverenkov photon density fluctuations at the observation level based on Monte Carlo simulations. Various types of density fluctuations like the short range (or local), medium range fluctuations and flatness parameter are studied. The estimated quality factors reflect the efficiencies with which the hadrons can be rejected from the data. It has been found that we can reject around 80% of protonshowers while retaining about 70% of ? - ray showers in the data, based only on the differences in the flatness parameter. Density fluctuations particularly suited for wavefront sampling observations seem to be a good technique to improve the signal to noise ratio.
Appears in Collections:BASI Publications

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