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dc.contributor.authorDumka, U. C-
dc.contributor.authorKaskaoutis, D. G-
dc.contributor.authorSagar, R-
dc.contributor.authorChen, J-
dc.contributor.authorSingh, N-
dc.contributor.authorTiwari, S-
dc.identifier.citationScience of The Total Environment, Vol. 605-606, pp. 124-138en_US
dc.descriptionRestricted Accessen_US
dc.description.abstractThe present work examines the influence of relative humidity (RH), physical and optical aerosol properties on the light-scattering enhancement factor [f(RH = 85%)] over central Indian Himalayas during the Ganges Valley Aerosol Experiment (GVAX). The aerosol hygroscopic properties were measured by means of DoE/ARM (US Department of Energy, Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) mobile facility focusing on periods with the regular instrumental operation (November–December 2011). The measured optical properties include aerosol light-scattering (σsp) and absorption (σap) coefficients and the intensive parameters i.e., single scattering albedo (SSA), scattering Ångström exponent (SAE), absorption Ångström exponent (AAE) and light scattering enhancement factor (f(RH) = σsp(RH, λ)/σsp(RHdry, λ)). The measurements were separated for sub-micron (< 1 μm, D1 μm) and particles with diameter < 10 μm (D10 μm) in order to examine the influence of particle size on f(RH) and enhancement rate (γ). The particle size affects the aerosol hygroscopicity since mean f(RH = 85%) of 1.27 ± 0.12 and 1.32 ± 0.14 are found for D10 μm and D1 μm, respectively. These f(RH) values are relatively low suggesting the enhanced presence of soot and carbonaceous particles from biomass burning activities, which is verified via backward air-mass trajectories. Similarly, the light-scattering enhancement rates are ~ 0.20 and 0.17 for the D1 μm and D10 μm particles, respectively. However, a general tendency for increasing f(RH) and γ is shown for higher σsp and σap values indicating the presence of rather aged smoke plumes, coated with industrial aerosols over northern India, with mean SSA, SAE and AAE values of 0.92, 1.00 and 1.15 respectively. On the other hand, a moderate-to-small dependence of f(RH) and γ on SAE, AAE, and SSA was observed for both particle sizes. Furthermore, f(RH) exhibits an increasing tendency with the number of cloud condensation nuclei (NCCN) indicating larger particle hygroscopicity but without significant dependence on the activation ratio.en_US
dc.publisherElsevier B.Ven_US
dc.rights© Elsevier B.V-
dc.subjectAerosol hygroscopicityen_US
dc.subjectScattering enhancementen_US
dc.subjectf(RH = 85%)en_US
dc.subjectRelative humidityen_US
dc.titleFirst results from light scattering enhancement factor over central Indian Himalayas during GVAX campaignen_US
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