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Title: GALEX Observations of Diffuse Ultraviolet Emission from Draco
Authors: Sujatha, N. V
Murthy, J
Suresh, R
Henr, R. C
Bianchi, L
Keywords: Dust, extinction; scattering; ultraviolet: ISM
Issue Date: 10-Nov-2010
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Citation: The Astrophysical Journal , Vol. 723, No. 2, pp. 1549–1557
Abstract: We have studied small-scale (2') spatial variation of the diffuse ultraviolet (UV) radiation using a set of 11 Galaxy Evolution Explorer deep observations in the constellation of Draco. We find a good correlation between the observed UV background and the infrared (IR) 100 μm flux, indicating that the dominant contributor of the diffuse background in the field is scattered starlight from the interstellar dust grains. We also find strong evidence of additional emission in the far-ultraviolet (FUV) band which is absent in the near-ultraviolet (NUV) band. This is most likely due to Lyman band emission from molecular hydrogen in a ridge of dust running through the field and to line emissions from species such as C IV (1550 Å) and Si II (1533 Å) in the rest of the field. A strong correlation exists between the FUV/NUV ratio and the FUV intensity in the excess emission regions in the FUV band irrespective of the optical depth of the region. The optical depth increases more rapidly in the UV than the IR and we find that the UV/IR ratio drops off exponentially with increasing IR due to saturation effects in the UV. Using the positional details of Spitzer extragalactic objects, we find that the contribution of extragalactic light in the diffuse NUV background is 49 ± 13 photons cm–2 sr–1 s–1 Å–1 and is 30 ± 10 photons cm–2 sr–1 s–1 Å–1 in the FUV band.
Description: Open Access
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Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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