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Title: A comprehensive study of the rich open star cluster NGC 2099 based on deep BVI CCD observations
Authors: Nilakshi
Sagar, R
Keywords: Open Clusters and Associations: Individual: NGC 2099;Stars: Hr Diagram;Evolution;Formation
Issue Date: Jan-2002
Publisher: E D P Sciences
Citation: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 381, No. 1, pp. 65 - 76
Abstract: The CCD observations of the rich open star cluster NGC 2099 and its surrounding field region have been carried out up to a limiting magnitude of V ~ 22 mag in B, V and I passbands for the first time. A total of ~ 12 000 stars have been observed in the area of about 24arcmin x 34arcmin in the cluster region, as well as ~ 2180 stars in the ~ 12arcmin x 12arcmin area of the field region located ~ 45arcmin away from the cluster center. The cluster parameters determined by fitting the convective core overshoot isochrones in the V, (B-V) and V, (V-I) diagrams are E(B-V) = 0.30+/-0.04 mag, distance = 1360+/- 100 pc, age = 400 Myr and metallicity Z = 0.008. A well-defined cluster main sequence spread over about 8 mag in range is observed for the first time. Its intrinsic spread amounting to ~ 0.06 mag in colour is almost the same over the entire brightness and can be understood in terms of the presence of physical/optical binaries. The core and cluster radii determined from the radial stellar density profiles are 185 arcsec and 1000 arcsec respectively. Only about 22% of cluster members are present in the core region. The effects of mass segregation, most probably due to dynamical evolution, have been observed in the cluster. The mass function slope of the entire cluster is ~ -0.67+/-0.12. It becomes closer to the Salpeter value of -1.35, if flattening in the cluster mass function due to presence of both binaries and a much more extended corona is considered.
ISSN: 0004-6361
Appears in Collections:IIAP Publications

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